as if + cluase

as if + cluase

Created:15 Nov 2017 18:18:24 , in  advanced


As if + clause pattern is used to express an unreal or alternatively a true situation in the present or in the past.

Meaning of a sentence which utilizes as if + clause pattern depends on the tense the clause is in.

If the clause is in an unreal tense like the past simple or past perfect tense the sentence expresses unreal situation in the present or in the past respectively.

He talks as if he knew the nuts and bolts of the job. (He gives the impression that he knows practical aspects of the job, but he probably does not).

Our bungalow collapsed as if it were a house of cards. (A real building collapsed like one built of cards ).

If the clause is in a real tense like the present simple or the present perfect tense, the pattern expresses a situation which is true.

He behaves as if he is the boss of this company. (It is true that he is the boss of the company and his behaviour indicates that clearly).

Tom sounds as if he has not recovered from the throat infection yet. (Tom's sounds hoarse, which suggests he is still struggling with his throat infection).

As if functions as a conjunction in the pattern and can be substituted for as though.

Example sentences

The senior accountant behaves as if she were not responsible for the error. ( Even though the accountant is responsible for the error he behaves in a way that gives the impression he is not ).

The book looks as if it has not been read for years. (It is true that the book has not been read for years).

She treats her mobile phone as though it were here most precious possession. (She probably has more precious things than here mobile).

This post was updated on 17 Nov 2017 19:18:58

Tags:  clause 

Did you find this content useful? Why not share it ...

Test configuration

Configure test type and behaviour for this and other patterns here.

Show configuration options

Fill blanks test

To complete this test fill in blank fields in the sentences below.

as if it had had   as though it had   as if she has   as if it has been   as if it is  

#1 She acts no hangover from our relationship breakup.

#2 The phone looks new.

#3 At first the decision felt a good potential to ruin our whole life.

#4 The leaflet looks prepared by a professional graphics designer.

#5 My brother drove my car been his own.

Log in for your test result to be saved.

Test scores

You have to be logged in have your scores saved.

Please, log in or register to unlock this functionality.


You have to be logged in to bookmark patterns.

Please, log in or register to unlock this functionality.


You have to be logged in to add your own private notes.

Please, log in or register to unlock this functionality.

Post navigation

  Verb + against + noun

  It + is + time

Report error

Report error(s) you have spotted on this page.

Form fields labeled with asterisk ( * ) are required. HTML tags are not allowed on this form.

Error reporting form